Cameroon: Humanitarian Crisis

Since December 2016, the two English speaking regions of Cameroon (South West and North West Regions) have been experiencing an alarming and growing situation of unrest and uncertainty. Following decades of marginalization, a strike by lawyers and teachers in October 2016 has degenerated into a severe socio-economic, political, and humanitarian crisis, disrupting education and leading to a drastic downturn in the economy in Anglophone Cameroon, resulting in increased poverty and insecurity.

Due to the fighting between separatist groups and the Cameroonian army, the region is seeing unprecedented levels of mass displacement. According to UN OCHA (August 2018), there are at least 245,000 IDPs in the South West Region, equally as many in the North West Region, and at least 21’000 refugees in Nigeria, with many living with family in the francophone part of the country.

As a result of fighting, villages are burnt down and destroyed, education facilities and farms as well, putting the next harvest at stake. A famine of critical dimension is foreseeable, and many communities have lost all possibility of earning a living.

Mission 21, a new member of ACT Alliance, has set up an Ecumenical Relief and Rehabilitation Programme in Cameroon. Mission 21 is working together with its main partners, the Presbyterian Church in Cameroon (PCC) as well as the Cameroon Baptist Convention (CBC) on food and non-food items distribution and income generating projects for IDPs within the most affected areas of the two Anglophone regions. The program is coordinating closely with UN-OCHA and the ICRC and other stakeholders involved in the response.