24 February 2015 – Chad is affected by conflicts in neighbouring countries, notably the Central African Republic, Sudan, and with a population to more than 460,000 refugees (367,000 Sudanese, 93,000 Central Africans) living in refugee camps in the east and South of the country. In late 2013, a massive repatriation of Chadians from CAR took place. A total of 114.000 persons returned back to Chad in 2014 ‐ of which 61,000 are still living in tents and shelters in transit and temporary sites. In January 2015 more than 15,000 Nigerians fled to Chad because of attacks by Boko Haram. The returnees and new refugee arrivals have put additional burdens on the host communities, who are already affected by the degradation of the environment caused by deforestation, over-exploitation of groundwater and pressure on scarce natural resources.