Matthew, a devastating hurricane of category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale, hit Punta Caleta Cuban
land, south of the province of Guantánamo, on October 4, 2016, at 18:00 local time. It remained there
for eight hours, with winds of 200-250 km/hr, leaving severely affecting territories in Guantánamo and
Holguin provinces. Waves 6 to 8 meters high, coastal flooding, heavy rains and winds of over 100 km/h
gusts remained around 48 hours, battering the eastern and central coast of Cuba, especially the
municipalities of Yateras, San Antonio del Sur, Baracoa, Maisí and Imías in the province of Guantanamo,
and Moa in the province of Holguín. These areas had been experiencing a prolonged period of drought
prior to the hurricane.