Humanitarian

ACT Alliance demonstrates its value as the leading faith-based alliance in humanitarian response by working with faith and humanitarian actors at the global, regional, national, and community levels. ACT harnesses the combined strength of its members in delivering humanitarian response at scale and with considerable reach through joint programming approaches.

We commit to an effective ecumenical response that saves lives and maintains dignity, irrespective of race, gender, belief, nationality, ethnicity, or political persuasion. Humanitarian needs define our priorities and the humanitarian principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality, and independence guide our actions. We remain committed to strengthening the resilience of affected communities and to being accountable to people and communities affected by a crisis. The ACT Alliance Secretariat is certified against the Core Humanitarian Standard on Quality and Accountability and is committed to the Sphere Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response.

We are active in more than 120 countries worldwide

Through its national, regional and sub-regional forums ACT Alliance provides humanitarian and emergency preparedness support to local communities helping them during a crisis and to become more resilient.

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ACT humanitarian mechanism

The Rapid Response Fund is an innovative funding mechanism designed to put local communities at the centre of decision-making and is recognised as one of few such funding mechanisms across the sector. The RRF provides valuable opportunities to demonstrate the niche of faith actors in humanitarian response as we work closely with local ACT members and their community networks. On average, the RRF funds 20 emergencies annually and responses are implemented within six months.

The primary mechanism for large scale or global emergencies, including protracted crises: ACT Alliance raises an appeal to its membership with both requesting and funding members co-owning the process. Appeals are open for funding during their entire project period and accessible to both national and international ACT Alliance members.

Consortia represent a new funding mechanism for ACT Alliance. As part of Emergency Preparedness planning, consortiums are established before a disaster strikes and consortium members share a vision and strategic focus. Members self-organise and develop their own financial management models and programme strategies supported by the EPRP process and tools.

Emergency preparedness and response planning is integral to the strengthening of ACT Alliance’s capacity to respond effectively in emergencies through joint programming.

ACT national and regional forums develop emergency preparedness and response plans (EPRPs), working collaboratively to understand potential disaster risks and plan how to respond to emergencies quickly and effectively. Forum EPRPs are accessible by members through an online platform, which can be viewed by other members who may be interested to support them. ACT Forums use specific ACT guidelines and tools to support the process of developing an EPRP which is reviewed regularly.

EPRP platform

As part of the holistic and integrated approach to humanitarian response, development and advocacy, ACT’s emergency preparedness and humanitarian response is supported by stronger humanitarian coordination and advocacy with stakeholders and duty bearers.

In the current strategic period our advocacy focuses on three banner commitments to the Grand Bargain at the World Humanitarian Summit where ACT has made significant investments and where member engagement is quite strong: the localisation agenda and the primary role of national/local members and local faith actors; demonstrating the important role of faith actors in humanitarian response; and strengthening of cash-based programming across the humanitarian sector.


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Date | Time
Location

Two massive 7.8 and 7.3 magnitude earthquakes struck Nepal on 25 April 2015 and on 12 May 2015.  The epicenters were in Gorkha and Sindhupalchowk Districts and were the most powerful earthquakes to hit the region since the Bihar earthquake of 1934.  The impact has been devastating, both in terms of loss of life and destruction of infrastructure.  According to the Nepal Government Ministry of Home Affairs, there were 8,891 fatalities, 22,302 injured, 604,930 homes totally destroyed, and a further 288,856 homes partially damaged. In addition, water supply and sanitation has been fully or partially disrupted for 4.2 million people (OCHA), 25,000 school classrooms were damaged or destroyed with 870,000 children unable to return to school (UNICEF), 1.4 million people needed food assistance in the first 3 months of the emergency (WFP), 10 hospitals and 600 smaller health facilities were damaged (WHO), and many roads in the disaster affected districts were damaged.  Many people’s livelihoods were destroyed through the loss of seed stocks, livestock, and standing crops. Additionally, large numbers of people continue to suffer psycho-social trauma from the death and destruction caused by the earthquake. The total value of the damages and losses caused by the 2015 earthquakes is estimated to be NPR 706 billion (approx. US$ 7 billion). In early January 2016, ACT Joint Monitoring Visit (JMV0 team  discussed and agreed the need for additional response time and a follow-up ACT appeal – NPL161. This Appeal has incorporated the JMV recommendations based on working sectors – WASH, Shelter, DRR, PSS, Education and Livelihoods. As one of the least developed countries, Nepal’s capacity to respond to the massive recovery and reconstruction needs is limited, and the government of Nepal has appealed to the international community to assist in this process. ACT Nepal Forum members which are DCA, FCA, ICCO, LWF, and LWR consequently planned to continue the following projects in responding to the emergencies through the NPL 161 - Nepal Earthquake Recovery, Reconstruction and Resilience (3R).     Appeals_Nepal Earthquake Recovery, Reconstruction and Resilience_NPL161_3R  

On Friday, 15 April at 16:30 h. a tornado struck the city of Dolores, in Soriano Department. Dolores is 15 km. from the Uruguay River in the southwest of the country. No meteorological warnings were received. Dolores has about 20,000 inhabitants. The tornado, considered as Force 3, divided the city in two, from West to Northeast, destroying everything in its path in a swath 800 m. wide. Three schools, one daycare center, two public secondary schools, one technical institute and a hospital were seriously damaged by the storm, as were approximately 1,200 houses and other buildings. Some structures continue to be at risk of collapse. Electricity had not been restored at the time of this report (April 20), and no estimate is yet available as to when service will be restored. It is estimated that one third of the population has been affected. To date, 4 deaths, twelve persons missing and more than 500 injured have been reported. Most of the casualties were children who were in classes when the storm hit. Furthermore, the San Salvador River, on whose banks Dolores is built, has flooded because of heavy rains that have been falling for the last 20 days. This means that those who have suffered flood damage must be added to the number of people that have suffered death, injury or property damage because of the tornado. Houses located along the banks of the river, as well as those located in the river’s flood plain are under water. If the rains continue, both the tornado victims and the flood victims will have little chance of saving any of their household belongings. In addition, the flooding may lead to the spread of the water-borne diseases typical of these situations. Communication has not yet been restored; the tornado destroyed the communication tower of ANTEL, the state telecommunications provider. Cell phone batteries cannot be recharged because electricity is not available.   RRF_04_2016_Tornado in Uruguay_RRFs2  

The situation in Burundi remains volatile with increased reports of abductions and killings within the country’s capital, Bujumbura. Human Rights Watch has documented an alarming new pattern of abductions and possible disappearances, particularly since December, 2015. Many of those arrested or missing are presumed dead. Since the December attacks, the regime is further cracking down on the few dissenting voices that have not fled the country and its Imbonerakure militia is taking an ever more prominent position in the fracturing security forces. The refugee exodus continues neighboring countries at a rate of 1,000 arrivals per day. UNHCR estimates that 245,617 refugees have left their country since April 1st 2015, with 129,748 in Tanzania, 73 867 in Rwanda, 21, 156 in Uganda and 20,846 in DRC.  The effects of prolonged instability continue to have a significant toll on Burundians who have remained in the country. Within Burundi, it is estimated that 25,081 have been internally displaced, many of whom have lost their means of livelihoods. In addition, severe hunger and malnutrition have begun to take hold to take hold. ACT Alliance members in Burundi are concerned about the deterioration of the situation in Burundi and the impact on the economy and their livelihood systems. The members (LWF, Christian Aid and NCA) are planning to respond through food and non-food items distribution, GBV and protection, social cohesion, WASH, agricultural support to communities to restore their livelihoods, ensure food security and instill resilience in the affected communities. Appeals_04_2016_Burundi Conflict Crisis_BDI161

Heavy fighting erupted between Armenian and Azerbaijan forces on 2 April along the southern, south-eastern and north-eastern parts of the line of contact in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict zone. This is the largest fighting since the ceasefire agreement of 1994. As of 05.04.2016 official sources from the government of Armenia state that 29 soldiers and 3 civilians (among them a 12 year old school boy) have died and 101 are injured (including 2 children); and 28 announced for missing in action as a result of the fighting. Unofficial sources estimated this number to be higher. Seriously, wounded soldiers are being moved to Armenia. The fighting was most prominent near the villages of Agdere (Martakert), Khojavend (Martouni) and Hadrut (Hadrout). As a result, a total of 14,400 people are affected. According to ACT Alliance member, the Armenian Inter-Church Charitable Round Table Foundation (ART), the majority of the population in the affected territories has been evacuated to the regional centres. People fleeing the conflict have been left with nothing but only the clothes they wear; and most of them also without documents.   RRFS_01_2016_Armenia_Azerbaijan_Nagorno-Karabakh-Conflict-RRF1

In Zimbabwe, food security has extremely been compromised by erratic rains in the 2015/16 season. According to the Zimbabwe Vulnerability Assessment Committee (ZIMVAC) 2015, there is a nationwide cereal deficit of over 650,000 MT while an additional 350,000 MT will be required to feed livestock. This has put 1.5 million people at risk of starvation. The figure is currently being revised upwards following the current ZIMVAC lean season assessment, which has tentatively projected the “at-risk” population to 3 million. Highest levels of food insecurity are in the Midlands, Masvingo, Matabeleland South and Matabeleland North provinces.  As the 2015/16 lean season assistance programme comes to an end at the end of March 2016, an additional 1million people who had been receiving assistance through the from WFP and other development partners will immediately become vulnerable, thus ballooning the food insecure population to 4 million people. The ACT Zimbabwe forum through DanChurchAid (DCA), Christian Aid (CA) and other local implementing partners will contribute to immediate assistance of 62,380 beneficiaries through cash transfer programme to enable households buy food, emergency preparedness and planning through Community based DRR to better prepare for drought and promote resilience and food security by providing drought tolerant seeds to the affected provinces in Zimbabwe. Zimbwabwe Drought Appeals 2016  

This 2016 Darfur Programme (DP) Appeal has become the 13th annual appeal since the start of the Caritas Internationalis (CI) and ACT Alliance (ACT) collaboration, beginning in 2004. Since the start of this collaboration, the DP has been able to actively respond to the ongoing humanitarian crisis that continues to erode the Darfur region. This erosion has left a majority of the Darfuri population in the midst of a vicious cycle; torn away from their homes – and having to call IDP camps their new home – being stripped of their livelihoods and living in poverty. It has been estimated by the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) that this ongoing conflict has left nearly 3.3 million people internally displaced and 4.4 million people - including IDPs and the host communities - in need of humanitarian support and assistance (OCHA, October 2015). The numbers will inevitably increase throughout the year; however, 2015 has proven to be one of the worst years yet; pressure continues to be mounted on those existing camps and basic services. Recent years have shown that the ongoing nature of the Darfur crisis has created a steep deterioration of funding. After more than 10 years of conflict in the region – and with no foreseeable end in sight – donors have become discouraged and disenchanted by the idea of putting funds towards Darfur, and Sudan, in general. Thus, the DP has been negatively affected and, in 2014, was forced to reduce its budget twice throughout the year. It is for this reason as to why the 2015 year saw a much smaller scope and range of activities than previously. After having witnessed the incremental decline in funding across Sudan, the 2016 Appeal has therefore had to build out a budget which is much more realistic with the current donor trends.   APPEALS 2016 Narrative Cover Letter Darfur Appeal Budget 2016 Appeal 2016 Overall Logframe Final Appeal 2016 - Intervention Sectors  

The Mozambican government’s Disaster Management Technical Commission (CTGC) on January 16th, 2016 announced an orange alert, only one step removed from the maximum state of disaster readiness, a red alert. The move was prompted by a combination of torrential rains north of the Zambezi and a severe drought in southern Mozambique. The soils in the north of the country are now saturated, and the weather forecast is for 300 millimetres of rain in the next 15 days in Nampula, Niassa and Cabo Delgado provinces. In Cabo Delgado, the Messalo, Muagide and Megaruma rivers are now all at flood alert level. According to report by SETSAN (National Secretariat Food Security) published in January 2016, 176,000 people are facing worrying food insecurity, additional 575,000 people are at risk of food insecurity by March 2016, and 50,360 people are currently receiving food aid. The worst hit province is Gaza province, and the report indicates that about 77,375 people in Gaza province are currently facing stressed acute food shortages and require humanitarian assistance to help protect their lives, and additional 27,000 people are at risk to pass to this category. ACT forum in Mozambique is planning to attend to 8,940 households with  a total population of 47,570 affected communities through food distribution, WASH, Food security through improved agricultural practice and community managed DRR   Appeals_01_2016_Drought in Mozambique_MOZ161

  The Syrian crisis is an ongoing multisided armed conflict since the unrest began in March 2011, with international interventions taking place in Syria, neighboring countries and beyond. ACT Alliance, through its JSL Forum members in the region, and their work on the ground, has observed the increasing needs of directly and indirectly affected population, especially among children and youth. In responding to the humanitarian needs of vulnerable people affected, ACT Alliance will continue to provide humanitarian assistance in this complex environment. Some of the sectors of response include:  Food security, health, WASH, Education, Basic needs, NFIs, livelihoods & early recovery, child & youth forums, SGBV, psychosocial, youth forums et all.  ACT members will coordinate their work collaboratively in the JSL Forum in the three countries of response through the new Appeal SRY161. Appeals SYR161_JSL_Hum_Response    

Appeal Target: US$ 8,818,426. The conflict continues to negatively impact the country’s economy as sustainable development is now virtually at a standstill leaving about 4.6 million of the population mainly women and children in need of urgent life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection. ACT forum in South Sudan is planning to attend to the affected communities through food, shelter and NFIs distribution, WASH, health and emergency nutrition, early recovery and CMDRR, livelihoods restoration as well as education and psychosocial support. Appeals SSD151_South_Sudan_Protracted_Conflict

Preliminary Appeal Target: US$ 657,278. The Southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu was battered by exceptionally heavy rains since the 9th of November 2015. There were 3 intensive rain spells, the first from 8th and 9th November, the second from 15th- to 17th November and the third from the 30 of November onwards, and still ongoing, with some days of respite from downpours. Nearly 400 people have died and over 1.8 million people have been displaced. In response to this unprecedented crisis, ACT members UELCI, CASA & LWSIT are making a preliminary appeal to respond to the needs of the people and communities affected by the flooding. The preliminary appeal aims to provide food and non-food items to 6550 families in Chennai and Cuddalore districts of Tamil Nadu. In addition, the preliminary appeal aims to provide shelter repair for 4550 families in the two districts. Appeals IND152Prel_India_TN_Flooding

Appeal Target: US$ 1'831'561. ACT members The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and Finn Church Aid (FCA) are providing assistance to the displaced and vulnerable communities with protection, education, food security, nutrition and psychosocial support through the Appeal CAF151, issued at the end of April 2015. Due to late funding and critical security issues, implementation could not take place as quickly as anticipated, therefore, the appeal is extended till 30th April 2016 (instead of 31st December 2015). Appeals CAF151_War_affected_Communities_ extended

Rapid Response Funds Payment for US$ 59,454 (US$ 30,000 UELCI / US$ 29,454 CASA). UELCI will provide immediate life-saving relief (food and non food items) during the crisis stage along with early recovery for 1,950 flood affected families in Tamil Nadu and South Andhra Pradesh. CASA will meet the immediate food and NFI needs of flood affected people in Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu state. RRF9_2015_India_TamilNadu_Floods


No.
Name
Date | Time
Location

29 May 2015 - Since 22 May the Colombian north‐east department of Arauca has experienced heavy rains creating emergency situations due to the floods caused by overflown rivers. In Saravena municipality a red alert has been published due to the level of severity of the situation.

Alerts 15_2015_Colombia_floods_Arauca

5 June 2015 - Thousands of Congolese refugees began pouring into Uganda from the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo in early June, reportedly fleeing possible abduction, forced recruitment and rape by suspected Mai Mai and ADF militia groups (Allied Democratic Forces).

Alerts 16_2015_Congolese_Ref_Uganda

8 June 2015 - Heavy rains for the past week  in early June have left most parts of the capital, Accra, its suburbs and other cities flooded. Assessment carried out so far indicates that about 10 districts have experienced the effects of a severe flooding. Affected districts include Accra Metropolis, Ga South Municipal, Adentan Municipality, Cape Coast, Ashaiman Municipal, Kumasi Metropolis and Ketu South Municipal. On June 4, a fuel station in Accra exploded as a result of the floods, leaving an estimated 150 people dead.

Alerts 17_2015_Floods_Ghana

9 June 2015 - Yemen is facing its worse crisis in many years due to forces competing over control of the country. The country is divided between split affiliations which has created a severe situation where neighbouring states have interfered.

Alerts 18_2015_Refugees_from_Yemen_to_Djibouti

13 May 2015 - A second earthquake measuring 7.4 struck north-east of Kathmandu on Tuesday 12 May, 2015, at 12:45pm Nepal local time. It was the second strongest quake to hit Nepal recently, following the first quake of 7.8 magnitude on April 25, 2015. Alerts_May_2015 Nepal earthquake

25 April 2015 - An earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter Scale struck west of the ancient Nepali capital of Kathmandu, Pokhara, on Saturday 25 April 2015, at 11:41am Nepal local time. It is the most powerful earthquake to hit the region in 81 years.

Alerts 11_2015_Nepal_ Quake_25April2015

17 January 2015 - Persistent heavy rainfall brought about by Tropical Cyclone Bansi, traversing the eastern part of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, has lashed the country since 9 January 2015. Simultaneously a depression in the Mozambique Channel in the Indian Ocean has built up and has started moving towards the island of Madagascar, equally contributing to increased rainfall. This depression has strengthened into a tropical cyclone named Chedza.

Alerts 003_2015_Madagascar_Floods

28 July 2015 - Refugees and IDPs who have left the combat zones were only able to take with them a minimum amount of household items. Due to the harsh conditions of winter in Ukraine and Russia, winterization is considered as lifesaving assistance and considered one of the most important objectives of this ACT Alliance follow on response. The Hungarian InterChurchAid (HIA) and Russian Orthodox Church – Department for External Relations (ROC/DECR) will continue to respond, as follow on response to ACT appeal UKR151. They plan to focus on two sectors of response which are hygiene; and psychosocial assistance. Alert_20_2015_Ukraine_IDPs and Refugees

24 July 2015 - ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 19/2015. Monsoon rains started the third week of July 2015 and have already created chaos in parts of the country. Chitral district in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Ghanche in Gilgit Baltistan are the worst affected areas. More rains are expected and the situation is likely to worsen significantly. Alerts_19_2015_Pakistan_Floods

Since April 2015, Burundians have been fleeing their country following the announcement that President Pierre Nkurunziza is seeking a third presidential term. Alerts 14_2015_Burundi Crisis IDP-Refugee Influx

In 2014 and early 2015, there was an outbreak of Ebola for the first time in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone in West Africa. Even though the disease broke out in other counties (Nigeria, Senegal and Mail), the countries of Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone were the ones most severely hit.

Alerts_Update_10_2015_Liberia_Ebola_Follow_on_Programme

26 March 2015 - This is not a new emergency, but an Alert to ACT Alliance members of an Appeal following an RRF disbursement.

Flooding and heavy rainstorms affected 17 districts in the country in January 2015. The ACT Malawi Forum responded, through the ACT Rapid Response Fund, in the three districts of Nsanje, Chikwawa and Mulanje through provision of food distributions amongst the affected populations.

Alerts 06_2015_Malawi_Floods_recovery

Team

Niall O’Rourke

Head of Humanitarian Affairs

Global

niall.orourke@actalliance.org

Geneva, Switzerland

Caroline Njogu

Regional Humanitarian Officer

Africa

Caroline.Njogu@actalliance.org

Nairobi, Kenya

Cyra Bullecer

Humanitarian Operations Manager

Global

Cyra.Bullecer@actalliance.org

Bangkok, Thailand

George Majaj

Humanitarian Programme Advisor

MENA

Amman, Jordan