Humanitarian

ACT Alliance demonstrates its value as the leading faith-based alliance in humanitarian response by working with faith and humanitarian actors at the global, regional, national, and community levels. ACT harnesses the combined strength of its members in delivering humanitarian response at scale and with considerable reach through joint programming approaches.

We commit to an effective ecumenical response that saves lives and maintains dignity, irrespective of race, gender, belief, nationality, ethnicity, or political persuasion. Humanitarian needs define our priorities and the humanitarian principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality, and independence guide our actions. We remain committed to strengthening the resilience of affected communities and to being accountable to people and communities affected by a crisis. The ACT Alliance Secretariat is certified against the Core Humanitarian Standard on Quality and Accountability and is committed to the Sphere Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response.

We are active in more than 120 countries worldwide

Through its national, regional and sub-regional forums ACT Alliance provides humanitarian and emergency preparedness support to local communities helping them during a crisis and to become more resilient.

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ACT humanitarian mechanism

The Rapid Response Fund is an innovative funding mechanism designed to put local communities at the centre of decision-making and is recognised as one of few such funding mechanisms across the sector. The RRF provides valuable opportunities to demonstrate the niche of faith actors in humanitarian response as we work closely with local ACT members and their community networks. On average, the RRF funds 20 emergencies annually and responses are implemented within six months.

The primary mechanism for large scale or global emergencies, including protracted crises: ACT Alliance raises an appeal to its membership with both requesting and funding members co-owning the process. Appeals are open for funding during their entire project period and accessible to both national and international ACT Alliance members.

Consortia represent a new funding mechanism for ACT Alliance. As part of Emergency Preparedness planning, consortiums are established before a disaster strikes and consortium members share a vision and strategic focus. Members self-organise and develop their own financial management models and programme strategies supported by the EPRP process and tools.

Emergency preparedness and response planning is integral to the strengthening of ACT Alliance’s capacity to respond effectively in emergencies through joint programming.

ACT national and regional forums develop emergency preparedness and response plans (EPRPs), working collaboratively to understand potential disaster risks and plan how to respond to emergencies quickly and effectively. Forum EPRPs are accessible by members through an online platform, which can be viewed by other members who may be interested to support them. ACT Forums use specific ACT guidelines and tools to support the process of developing an EPRP which is reviewed regularly.

EPRP platform

As part of the holistic and integrated approach to humanitarian response, development and advocacy, ACT’s emergency preparedness and humanitarian response is supported by stronger humanitarian coordination and advocacy with stakeholders and duty bearers.

In the current strategic period our advocacy focuses on three banner commitments to the Grand Bargain at the World Humanitarian Summit where ACT has made significant investments and where member engagement is quite strong: the localisation agenda and the primary role of national/local members and local faith actors; demonstrating the important role of faith actors in humanitarian response; and strengthening of cash-based programming across the humanitarian sector.


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Location

The Syrian crisis is an ongoing multifaceted armed conflict since the unrest began in March 2011. The severity of the humanitarian disaster has been outlined by the UN and many international organizations. More than 7.6 million Syrians have been internally displaced, over 5 million have fled to nearby countries such as Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, turkey, Egypt, and Kuwait.  The ratio of migration has been increasing with a few hundred thousand having fled to the European Union becoming refugees. There are now more than 13.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance within Syria including 5.6 million children, the UN says. It is one of the largest refugee exoduses in recent history. Neighboring countries have borne the brunt of the refugee crisis, with Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey struggling to accommodate new arrivals. The ACT Secretariat members in Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon, have reviewed the ongoing SYR161 Appeal and requested to revise and extend the Appeal until end of March 2017, as a need to continue their planned support to the vulnerable and negatively affected people in these three countries. appeals_11_2016_humanitarian-response-in-syria_syr161_rev-1-extension .

Matthew, a devastating hurricane of category 4 on the Saffir-Simpson scale, hit Punta Caleta Cuban land, south of the province of Guantánamo, on October 4, 2016, at 18:00 local time. It remained there for eight hours, with winds of 200-250 km/hr, leaving severely affecting territories in Guantánamo and Holguin provinces. Waves 6 to 8 meters high, coastal flooding, heavy rains and winds of over 100 km/h gusts remained around 48 hours, battering the eastern and central coast of Cuba, especially the municipalities of Yateras, San Antonio del Sur, Baracoa, Maisí and Imías in the province of Guantanamo, and Moa in the province of Holguín. These areas had been experiencing a prolonged period of drought prior to the hurricane.

appeals_11_2016_hurricane_matthew_response_in_cuba_-cub_161

 

The impacts of the ongoing insurgency attacks by Boko Haram on both lives and properties in the North East states of Nigeria have left many in fear, displaced millions of people, while hundreds of thousands have lost their livelihoods and are facing serious starvation. Total number of food insecure people in Nigeria is 14.6 million; 7.3M of these are in Adamawa, Borno & Yobe where Christian Aid (CA) has operations - out of which 3M are in urgent need of food assistance. Over 2.5 million children are malnourished, 2.5 million internally displaced and only 30% of the total needs are currently met. The situation is escalating with the renewed government offensive against Boko Haram in the North East. This will lead to further displacements compounding an already dire humanitarian situation. ACT Alliance through Christian Aid plans to scale up efforts in the three states of Adamawa, Borno and Gombe around Livelihoods support through provision of agricultural inputs to support IDP returnees in host communities whilst still providing emergency relief in host communities in Borno where there is high need for support in food and livelihood, water, shelter and protection aiming to reach about 50,000 households. In addition, Christian Aid plans to continue food and NFI distribution using cash based programming, while providing water and other WASH facilities to communities/IDPs in need. preliminary-appeals_-11_-2016_-humanitarian-crisis-in-n-e-nigeria  

On Tuesday October 4th 2016, Hurricane Matthew, the strongest hurricane in almost a decade swept through Haiti with winds of up to 230 km/h. Hurricane Matthew made landfall near Les Anglais before continuing northwards along the Windward Passage. The slow movement of the hurricane increased the rainfall associated, with up to 600mm registered causing widespread damage, flooding, and displacement across the island.

appeals_11_2016_hurricane_matthew_response_in_haiti_hti_161

Now more than a year since Burundi’s current crisis began, more than 160,000 men, women and children remain in refugee camps in Tanzania and are unable to return home. The situation inside Burundi continues to worsen.  A low intensity urban conflict is spreading progressively from Bujumbura to other provinces, resulting in targeted assassinations, torture, harassments and abuses. Coupled with an economic collapse brought on by the conflict, this makes it virtually impossible for displaced Burundians to return home safely. Hundreds of refugees from Burundi are still entering in Tanzania every day while 140,448 Burundian refugees are currently living in Nyarugusu, Nduta and Mtendeli camps in Kigoma region. As many informants from UNHCR, INGOs and refugee leaders suggest, a quick solution to the current political crisis in Burundi and the short-term repatriation of refugees are unlikely. The current refugee situation is developing into a protracted crisis that will plausibly last for several years. The likely scenario of an extended presence in Tanzania is changing and increasing the needs of the refugees. Basic requirements need to be provided ensuring a comprehensive long term self-reliance strategy.  Given the likelihood that the refugee crisis is becoming protracted, this must be done in ways that also promote social cohesion among refugees and their Tanzanian neighbours, as well as recently arrived Burundians and long-staying refugees who had fled other regional conflicts. Furthermore, due to the constantly worsening situation in Burundi, a prompt life-saving response for the new arrivals needs to be included in the emergency response. appeals_11_2016_-scale-up-support-to-burundian-refugees-in-tanzania

The latest conflict in Iraq started after Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) took over Mosul, the second largest city in June 2014. ISIL chased away the religiously minorities (Christians, Yazidis, Shia Muslims, etc.) from Mosul and other various districts of Ninewa. Furthermore, ISIL expanded territorial control in early 2015 in central part of Iraq. Since mid-2015, Iraqi government with support from international community has been able to retake some cities in central part of Iraq including Fallujah of Anbar province. However, Mosul, the second largest city of Iraq is still under the control of ISIL. On the 17th of October 2016, Iraqi forces and Kurdish Peshmerga with support from international community have started a military operation to retake the city of Mosul. The United Nations (UN) has qualified the situation in Iraq as becoming “the single most complex humanitarian operation in the world”. Currently there are 3.3 million IDPs in Iraq who are in need of some form of humanitarian support in addition to approximately 225,000 Syrian refugees.  Also, to further exacerbate the dire situation, it is estimated that there will be additional up to 1.5 million people displaced by the military action in Mosul to retake from ISIS control. As part of the revision process of the ACT Alliances Humanitarian Response Mechanism, the ACT Secretariat is piloting new tools with selected Forums to identify how to improve the overall mechanism.  In the near future, the “Preliminary Appeal” will be replaced by the “Concept Note”, a shorter more concise document which summarizes the proposed ACT response and emphasizes collaboration amongst the ACT members.  The Iraq Forum has graciously accepted to pilot the draft version of the Concept Note so that we can draw lessons learned from its utilization and modify the template and process related to it accordingly. conceptnotes_11_2016_support-to-idps-and-hosts-in-iraq_irq161

Heavy rainfall caused poorly maintained flood gates and water drainage systems to malfunction. This resulted in the flooding of populated areas in Upper Egypt. Impoverished areas with poor infrastructure have been affected the most. Around 5,650 people have been negatively affected. There has been loss of homes, infrastructure, medical care, and material goods. The heavy rains that flooded Egypt’s Red Sea and Suhag governorates cut power supplies and disrupted road traffic on routes linking to cities in Upper Egypt. Schools have been closed in the area. Affected people have lost very basic living essentials and sustained damages to their homes. With winter and the cold season approaching, people have as well lost their personal belongings such as clothing, furniture, kitchen supplies, and bedding. These needs are essential as they begin to rebuild their lives and move into the winter season. Despite the governmental aid, there are still many families who are without electricity, housing, and basic living essentials, appropriate medication, and health equipment are needed for the hospital. rrf_08_2016_-flooding-in-upper-egypt

On October 17, a tropical cyclone with international name "Haima" (local name "Lawin") entered the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) as a typhoon with maximum sustained winds of 175 kph with gusts of up to 215 kph.  Typhoon Haima generated moderate to heavy rains within a 600 km diameter from its center.  By 1:00 PM on the 19th of October, typhoon Haima intensified into a super typhoon with maximum sustained wind of up to 225 kph with gusts of up to 315 kph. Haima reached land by 11:00 PM on that same day.  Super typhoon Haima crossed over the provinces of Cagayan and Apayao before leaving the PAR at 10:00 PM on the 20th of October. As of October 24, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) reported a total of 33,183 households (158,863 persons) that are still displaced. The same report indicated a total of 8 casualties and 1 injured as result of the typhoon.  Super typhoon Haima left 65 barangays flooded with up to 3 feet of water level. 33 road sections and bridges in Regions I, II, III and CAR were reported impassable due to flooding and landslides one week after the typhoon.  Power lines are down in the most remote communities and electricity is only expected to be restored in two months.  The disaster agency also reported that super typhoon Haima caused more than 2.5 billion Philippines pesos (PHP) worth of damages (PHP 1.58B in infrastructure and PHP 0.94B in agriculture). As part of the revision process of the ACT Alliances Humanitarian Response Mechanism, the ACT Secretariat is piloting new tools with selected Forums to identify how to improve the overall mechanism.  In the near future, the “Preliminary Appeal” will be replaced by the “Concept Note”, a shorter more concise document which summarizes the proposed ACT response and emphasizes collaboration amongst the ACT members.  The Philippines Forum has graciously accepted to pilot the draft version of the Concept Note so that we can draw lessons learned from its utilization and modify the template and process related to it accordingly.   conceptnotes_11_2016_typhoon-in-philippines_-phl161

The powerful Hurricane Matthew, category 4 (in the Saffir-Simpson Scale), hit Dominican Republic on October 4th, leaving 4 people dead, 22,745 evacuated and more than 2,398 houses damaged. The heavy rains caused rivers to overflow, widespread floods and landslides, destruction of agricultural crops, houses, bridges and basic services facilities like electricity, communication and drinking water. Up to date, 11,853 people remain evacuated and the alerts have dropped to yellow but in the meantime the official institutions are receiving more damages reports on rural flooding, overflowing of rivers, streams and creeks, as well as landslides. Relevant national agencies from the government are taking care of raising the awareness of the population, and conducting evacuations in vulnerable areas as well as road rehabilitation. Now, there is a great risk that a large number of people can become affected by diseases due to the large amount of mud and contamination from the poor sanitary conditions left by the hurricane in the overcrowded locations where people remain in shelters. rrfs_07_2016_hurricane-matthew-dominican-republic

The announcement of the Peace Agreements between Colombia’s FARC guerrilla group and the Colombian Government calls for a definite end to all attacks between both parties, as well as to create the conditions to begin implementing the Final Agreement which implies the disarmament of the group and to prepare the country for the FARC’s reintegration into civilian life. The implementation of the peace agreements between the government and the FARC in Colombia begins with the process of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of FARC members. This process will be implemented in 28 zones (22 rural zones and 6 temporary camps) where the members of the guerrilla group will gather for their reintegration into civilian life. appeals_09_2016_protecting-civilians-in-colombia_col161

In 2015 and 2016, Malawi experienced the El Niño weather phenomenon, manifested by poor distribution of rainfall and prolonged dry conditions, which resulted in delayed planting and poor crop development. The Malawi Vulnerability Assessment Committee (MVAC) report of June 2016 showed that a minimum of 6.5 million people (39% of Malawi’s population) will not be able to meet their annual food requirements during the 2016/17 consumption period, in 24 of the Malawi’s 28 Districts. This protracted drought was combined with floods in some areas of Malawi, which have also increased the risk of water-borne disease outbreaks. On 12th of April 2016, His Excellency President of Malawi Professor Arthur Peter Mutharika, declared the ongoing severe drought a national disaster requiring external support. The government has since allocated USD 48,630,137 for maize purchases in the 2016/17 budget. In addition, the World Food Programme (WFP) has launched a Joint Emergency Food Assistance Programme (JEFAP) to assist vulnerable households with relief food items. However, the magnitude of the problem will require other agencies to complement government and WFP efforts. The government has also called upon well-wishers to assist the people in Malawi, especially those in the worst affected areas. The ACT Forum in Malawi is planning to respond to the crisis through ACT members the Churches Action in Relief and Development (CARD) and the Evangelical Lutheran Development Service (ELDS), in two districts: Chikwawa and Nsanje. At the moment no response by government or any other actor has started in the proposed Districts although according to the MVAC, recommendations for response was supposed to start by July 2016 in selected Districts. preliminary-appeals_09_2016_severe-drought-response-in-malawi_mwi161  

There is currently a massive influx of refugees from South Sudan into Uganda following the collapse of the Transitional Government of National Unity due the fighting that erupted on 7th July between the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM), government forces of President Salve Kiir, and Sudan People’s Liberation Army-In Opposition (SPLA-IO), loyal to the former first vice president Dr. Riek Machar. The July 7th 2016 crisis has continued to manifest the power struggle between Machar and Kiir on ethnic lines and has unsettled the already volatile young nation of South Sudan, as it led to the collapse of the April 2016 agreement (which successfully enabled the return of Riek Machar to Juba and the subsequent formation of the Transitional Government of National Unity). The recent clashes also led to the loss of about 300 lives and displacement of over 36,000 people internally, with about 110,000 people forced to flee to neighbouring countries. ACT Uganda Forum has been responding through its members Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and Finn Church Aid (FCA). Both organisations have been focussing on Adjumani, where all the refugee hosting settlements are full to capacity, so there is an eminent need to identify new sites or consider the expansion of existing ones. LWF has constructed an emergency shelter and distributed blankets among other relief items, but with new arrivals, the emergency response team is over-stretched. FCA is providing inclusive Education in Emergencies for South Sudanese refugees with focus on children with disabilities. appeals_09_2016_-influx-of-south-sudanese-refugees-in-uganda_-uga-161  


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Date | Time
Location

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 37/2015. An ACT Alliance response is needed to ameliorate the living conditions of IDPS in host communities following the increasing attacks of the terrorist group Boko Haram in the towns and villages of the Far North Cameroonian border with Nigeria. The Church of the Lutheran Brethren of Cameroon present on the ground with its diaconal department is well known in the affected areas and can lead many life-saving interventions if resources are available to respond to their urgent humanitarian needs. Alerts 37_2015_Cameroon_IDPs in the Far North Region

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 36/2015. The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) and Finn Church Aid (FCA) are providing support to conflict-affected populations in CAR thanks to the ACT Appeal CAF151. LWF focuses on Social Cohesion, Food Security and Nutrition in the Nana Mambéré and Ouham Pendé Provinces. FCA is implementing Education and WASH activities in the Mambéré Kadéi Province, as well as in Bangui. While this response is very necessary, the Appeal is not fully funded and pledges came rather late. This, combined with critical security issues, explain the reduced levels of implementation thus far. This is why the Appeal is being extended, until April 30th 2016 (instead of December 31st 2015). Alerts_36_2015_CAF151_War_affected_Communities

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 35/2015. ACT members in the region coordinate the humanitarian response in the ACT Jordan/Syria/Lebanon (JSL) Forum. Members have carried out their own detailed needs assessments and response in various sectors, which include but are not limited to food, NFI, psychosocial support, persons with disabilities (PWDs), education, shelter, home repairs, hygiene, and health. Alerts 35_2015_ Syria_Response

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 34/2015. ACT India Forum members, UELCI and CASA are currently monitoring the situation in their operational areas. The field staff are assessing the needs and should an intervention be necessary, will request an RRF or a Preliminary Appeal. Currently, the needs are food (rice, dhal, cooking oil, salt, chilly powder, turmeric powder etc.) and non-food items such as clothes and daily household items. Alerts 34_2015_India_Cyclone_Floods

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Nr 33/2015. The ACT Forum-South Sudan is planning to respond through an overall objective of enhancing the living conditions of the most vulnerable people impacted by the protracted crisis through access to basic needs of life & resilience of their livelihoods. To achieve this, there is need to provide people affected with multi sector assistance in the following priority areas: Food Security and Livelihoods, Shelter & NFIs, Education in Emergency (EiE), WASH, Health & Nutrition, and Psychosocial support. Alerts_33_2015_SSudan_Protracted_Conflict_Crisis  

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 32/2015. ACT Pakistan Forum, comprising Christian Aid, Church of Sweden, Community World Service Asia, Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe, ICCO Cooperation and Norwegian Church Aid, is currently gathering information through different sources including local staff and partner organizations and a response will be planned based on the needs identified in the affected communities. In Afghanistan, members are currently conducting assessments either directly or through partners on the ground. Hungarian Interchurch Aid (HIA) is geared to provide an immediate small-scale emergency response (food, water, blankets). Community World Service Asia is currently reviewing plans and potential gaps and is considering food, non-food items, winterization kits, WASH and health. The situation is currently very fluid and can change drastically at any moment. Members are closely monitoring the situation and will plan a response based on the needs and gaps identified. Alerts_32_2015_Afgh-Pak_Earthquake

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 31/2015. ACT members in Central America are permanently monitoring the situation and are making plans to send a rapid response team to visit the area. A detailed analysis of the humanitarian situation will be done in coordination with the Mexican Government and organizations on the ground, based on the needs assessment, geographic prioritization, and the potential proposal made by partner organizations for a humanitarian intervention. Alerts_31_2015_Hurricane_Patricia_Mexico

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Nr.: 30/2015. ACT Philippines Forum members ICCO Cooperation, Lutheran World Relief (LWR), Christian Aid (CA) and the National Council of Churches in the Philippines (NCCP) are currently collecting information from their local partners or networks within the affected areas. After gathering sufficient information, it will be determined if a response is needed. Alerts_30_2015_Philippines_Typhoon_Koppu  

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 29/2015. It is still unclear whether an ACT response would be required, but if the conflict continues, it is expected that massive displacements will occur and those internally displaced will definitely require humanitarian assistance. The situation at the moment is very fluid and can change drastically at any moment. Members are closely monitoring the situation and will plan a response based on the needs and gaps identified. Due to the volatile situation in Kunduz City, it is very difficult to acquire detailed information at the moment. The members of ACT Afghanistan Forum include Christian Aid, Community World Service Asia, Hungarian Interchuch Aid and Norwegian Church Aid. Alerts_29_2015_Afghanistan_New_Wave_of_Displacement

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 28/2015. Planned activities for ACT Member Christian Aid in the Federal Iraq region include: hygiene kits; food items (raw items & ready-made/processed food); chronic diseases medications; clothes and underwear items; Bedding (Mattresses, pillows, sheets, blankets). Planned intervention in the Iraqi Kurdistan region by Christian Aid includes: food items; winterisation Items; cash assistance and cash for work livelihood activities; and vocational training courses and small grants. ACT Member The Lutheran World Federation (LWF) plans to respond in the following sectors: food security; WASH; NFI; psychosocial support; and school facility improvement. Alerts_28_2015_Iraq_IDP_Crisis

ACT Alliance Alert Reference Number: 26/2015. The ACT Malawi Forum, after a detailed assessment of the food situation, is planning to respond with the provision of food items inputs and activities on early recovery program activities. Alerts_26_2015_Malawi_food_insecurity

Burkina Faso has been struck by heavy rains and strong winds since the beginning of the raining season. Significant damage has been registered. As of 28 August 2015, 8 of the 13 regions of Burkina Faso have been affected. Homes, personal property and livestock have been destroyed and hectares of fields flooded. The current situation is 8 dead, 54 injured, 26’885 victims and more than 3’699 people homeless. Alerts26_2015_Burkina_Faso_Floods  

Team

Niall O’Rourke

Head of Humanitarian Affairs

Global

niall.orourke@actalliance.org

Geneva, Switzerland

Caroline Njogu

Regional Humanitarian Officer

Africa

Caroline.Njogu@actalliance.org

Nairobi, Kenya

Cyra Bullecer

Humanitarian Operations Manager

Global

Cyra.Bullecer@actalliance.org

Bangkok, Thailand

George Majaj

Humanitarian Programme Advisor

MENA

Amman, Jordan