Tanzania – Food security challenges in drought affected areas

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ACT-Alert-Tanzania Forum 5 Dec 2022 – Final

Tanzania for the past two years 2021-2022 have been characterized by a below average rainfall during the rainy seasons (March- May and October-December) the lowest ever experienced since 1970 causing a severe drought. The most affected regions are the northern-eastern coastlands/highlands. Drought condition is observed more frequently in parts of the northern and central regions.
The Ministry of livestock has reported at least 157,695 cattle, 48,290 goats,94,230 sheep’s, 6,135 donkeys and 8 camels have died in Coast, Tanga, Kilimanjaro, Arusha and Manyara regions between September 2021 to January 2022 and recently at least 320 cattle and 250 goats have died due to drought in Tanzania’s northern region of Kilimanjaro between July and September 2022 .

The drought has affected harvest of major crops, increased crop pests, reduced availability of water and reduced pasture for livestock. Food prices have increased significantly, thus affecting the purchasing power of vulnerable members of the affected communities.
The Government of Tanzania identified gaps in response to the drought and developed the 2022-2023 Drought Contingency Plan (DCP). These gaps based on three hazards: Drought; Disease outbreak and pest outbreak.
The 2022-2023 planning envisions Drought in the following:
• Above 120,000 households require food assistance.
• Immediate agricultural response will be required to assist affected households with drought tolerant crops
• Government Strategic Grain Reserves (SGR) will not be sufficient to cater for the population due to the huge numbers of affected population.
• Response may be in form of food aid and cash transfers
• Protection services will be required to prevent and respond to violence in the home and abuse related to accessing food assistance and social support services; ensure equitable access to humanitarian services by vulnerable household

Philippines – Tropical Cyclone Alert Nalgae

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On October 30, the NDRRMC recommended to President Ferdinand Marcos Jr. to declare a one-year state of national calamity after STS Nalgae battered almost the whole country and left 162 fatalities and caused gargantuan damage to infrastructures and livelihoods. However, the current administration has only issued the proposed proclamation for four regions (Regions 4A, 5, 6 and BARMM) with more than 1.4 million residents. Pre-emptively, the government evacuated over 356,000 persons but currently almost 349,000 persons are still displaced.

As the climate negotiations is currently taking place, the Philippines is living with massive loss and damage. STS Nalgae alone damaged 64,209 houses of which 57,888 are partially damaged while 6,361 are unliveable. While the damage to infrastructure and agriculture marks a skyrocketing cost of Php 12 billion particularly affecting 146,927 farmers and fisherfolk[1]. This is on top of the already huge loss and damage caused by the recent Typhoon Karding, some in the same areas hit by STS Nalgae. Relief efforts from the government, NGOs and other stakeholders have undertaken but much effort is needed to contribute to the recovery of the most vulnerable population affected by these climate-induced weather events.

According to the Joint Rapid Needs Assessment conducted by BARMM government partners and the MHT, the priority humanitarian needs include food, WASH and NFIs including hygiene kits, sleeping kits and kitchen/cooking sets. Most of the water sources are either destroyed or contaminated which is further damaging the health as toilets have been submerged or destroyed by floods. In the initial days of emergency people were evacuated to safer places, but they cannot stay long as many IDPs are concerned that if they stay much longer at the evacuation sites, as food assistance from the government is limited.  Furthermore, the IDPs expressed the need to be assisted with the rehabilitation of their livelihoods. Agriculture is amongst the most affected sectors in the current disasters in Philippines which is affecting the overall food security issues for the local and also contributing to the price hike

Alert- Typhoon Nalgae (Local name Paeng)

 

 

 

Indonesia Earthquake – Cianjur District

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An earthquake with a magnitude of 5.6 at a depth of 10.0 KM(6.21 miles) has occurred at Southwest
Cianjur District – West Java, Indonesia, as reported by Indonesia’s Meteorology, Climatology, and
Geophysical Agency (BMKG) on November 21, 2022, 13:21:10 (GMT+7). The earthquake are not tsunami
potential, with epicentrum latitude 6,84 and longitude 107,05 and impacted several location in: 10 km
Southwest Cianjur District; 15 km Northeast Sukabumi city; 39 km Southeast Bogor City; 63 km
Northwest Bandung; and 78 km Southeast Jakarta. Until Tuesday, November 22, 2022, 06:30:00
(GMT+7), around 118 aftershocks were recorded with magnitudes ranging from 1,5 to 4,2. According to
BMKG, the earthquake is the shallow-type quake caused by Cimandiri Fault activity.
The Government of Indonesia has declared this disaster as an Emergency Response Status and is
requesting the involvement of many parties for managing the disaster.

The Regional Disaster Management Agency (BPBD) of Cianjur District on Tuesday (22/11) at 16:00:00
(GMT+7) reported that there were 268 casualties, mostly because they were hit by collapsed building
materials when the quake happened. The Indonesian Red Cross declared that some casualties were
children. As many as 151 persons are declared missing and the search is still ongoing, while as many as
1.083 persons are injured. The total affected community in Cianjur District are 169.124 persons while
around 58.362 people took refuge in other areas as IDPs. As for now, the total affected population which
are reported to evacuate are increasing to 7.060 persons, divided in some evacuation points.
The earthquake has caused infrastructure damages in Cianjur District, whether houses or public facilities.
It is recorded that 12.641 houses are minorly damaged, 2.071 houses are mildly damaged, 6.570 houses
are heavily damaged, 1 unit of Islamic boarding school is heavily damaged, 4 unit of government
buildings are damaged, 3 unit of educational structures are damaged, 1 unit of worship place are
damaged, and 1 regional public hospital (Cianjur Regional Public Hospital) are mildly damaged.
Other than Cianjur District, infrastructure damages are also reported in Bogor Districts (46 houses with
mild damage), Sukabumi District (443 houses with heavy damage), and in Sukabumi city (14 houses with
minor damage). The earthquake also caused landslides that blocked provincial roads in Cianjur District.

ACT Alliance is considering to support the earthquake emergency support by mobilizing funds from the RRF

Indonesia_Alert_Cianjur Earthquake.  

Tadjik-Kyrgyz border: Armed conflict

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Clashes across the Tajikistan-Kyrgyzstan border, in the Bulak-Bashi area of the Batken region (Kyrgyzstan) erupted on 14 September 2022 between the troops of Kyrgyzstan and of Tajikistan, which escalated into an International Armed Conflict, each accusing one another of using tanks, mortars, rocket artillery and assault drones to attack the outpost.

A ceasefire was instigated, yet intermittent heavy artillery and gunfire continued in several border villages during 16-20 September. A renewed ceasefire prevails, yet the situation remains tense. A state of emergency was declared on 16 September 2022 in the Batken region of Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan share 984 km of border, 30% of which is still disputed and leads to tensions due to lack of access to water, roads and pastures and nearby settlements.

The surroundings of Batken airport and objects on the outskirts of the city were also shelled. As per official data, the total death toll was 39 and 135 people were injured on the Tajik side, 59 people were killed, among them women and children and more than 100 were injured on the Kyrgyz side. Over 140 thousand civilians evacuated the conflict zone to the safer region (Kadamjai and Razzakov cities) of Batken and have become IDPs.

ACT Europe Forum through Hungarian Interchurch Aid working with local partners will access ACT’s Rapid Response Fund to provide assistance to affected population.

Alert_Batken_Border_Clashes

Iraq Protracted Crisis

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Iraq is facing a protracted humanitarian crises caused by the ISIS conflict that occurred from 2014-2018 and the subsequent forced displacement of over 6 million people. While it has now been four years since the liberation from ISIS, the impacts of the conflict remain significant across the country, with continued displacement, destruction in basic infrastructure, continued violent conflict and insecurity, protection violations, and lack of livelihoods opportunities which has been further exacerbated by the political and economic crisis in Iraq. Moreover, according to the UNEP (2022), Iraq has been ranked at the 5th most affected country by climate change in the world. Temperatures are soaring to new extremes as degrees above 50°C are becoming common, compounding the situation further into a complex humanitarian crisis.

ACT Iraq forum is preparing an appeal to respond to the needs of the affected communities. ACT members: HIA and LWF are getting ready for a response to provide durable solutions to the protracted humanitarian crisis in this complex environment with focus on sectors of WASH, Livelihoods (food security and agriculture), Protection and Social Cohesion.

Alert- Iraq Protracted Crisis

Armenia: Armed Conflict

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In the early hours of September 13, 2022, the Azerbaijani military forces launched a large-scale coordinated attack against the sovereign territory of the Republic of Armenia targeting the peaceful borderline communities in the regions of Gegharkunik, Vayots Dzor and Syunik of Armenia. The Azerbaijani armed forces used different weapons, including heavy artillery, mortars of various calibres, UAVs, and large-calibre guns.

The emergency is small scale, however, there is a concern for a large-scale offensive.

The primary geographical focus of the attack is 3 regions of Armenia (Gegharkunik, Vayots Dzor and Syunik) including the cities and villages of Kapan, Goris, Jermuk, Vardenis, Sotk, Norabak, Kut, Geghamasar and other borderline communities. According to the Statistical Committee of the Republic of Armenia, by the beginning of the 2020 year population in these 3 regions are as follows։ Gegharkunik region – a total of 222.7 thousand persons (66.6 urban and 161.1 rural), Vayots Dzor region – a total of 48.5 thousand persons (48.5 urban and 31.4 rural), Syunik region – total 137.3 thousand persons (93.2 urban and 44.1 rural).

ACT Armenia Forum through the Armenian Round Table will access ACT’s Rapid Response Fund to provide assistance in affected regions.

Alert_Armenia_Armed Conflict

 

Syria: Protracted Crisis

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Reaching its twelfth year of war, Syria remains a complex humanitarian and protection emergency characterized by ongoing hostilities and their long-term consequences, including widespread destruction of civilian infrastructure, economic collapse, explosive ordnance contamination and one of the largest numbers of internally displaced people in the world. In many ways, the humanitarian needs across the whole of Syria are currently at their highest since the start of the conflict, and households are reverting to negative coping mechanisms more frequently than before. This includes child labour and child marriage and the sale of productive assets – all of which increase protection needs and/or reduce households’ capacity for self-sustenance in the future. As household resilience decreases, humanitarian needs increase. Over 14.6 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance inside Syria, including approximately 9.6 million in severe need. The total number of IDPs is 5.38M, including 4.3M in need of humanitarian assistance.

Act Syria forum is preparing an appeal to respond to the needs of the affected communities. Act members: CA, GOPA-DERD, HEKS-EPER and MECC are getting ready for a response to provide humanitarian assistance in this complex environment targeting Food security, health, WASH, Education, Basic needs, NFIs, livelihoods & early recovery, child & youth forums, SGBV and psychosocial sectors.

ACT Syria forum Alert 2023 – Protracted Crisis

El Salvador: Hurricane Julia

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Hurricane Julia affected the Central American region with the greatest impact on Honduras, El Salvador, and Guatemala. In El Salvador, the effects of the tropical storm started on October 7th, but it officially entered in the early morning of October 10th. Up to date, the following impact and losses have been reported:

  • 397 rescues have been carried out, 162 obstructed roads are reported, 256 fallen trees, 112 landslides, 193 homes, and 10 vehicles affected, 15 floods, 134 river overflows, 1,110 evacuated, 10 deceased and 83 shelters have been activated.-
  • 90 shelters are available to the population, 83 are in use and, 678 families are sheltered, which is equivalent to 2,097 people.
  • Food insecurity due to the loss of all corn, beans, vegetables, and sorghum crops:
    • Lack of economic income due to the loss of small businesses.
    • Increased migration due to loss of jobs and housing.
    • Difficulty in getting around the communities to carry out their daily work activities due to the destruction of roads.

The ACT Forum El Salvador plan focuses on the recovery of the livelihoods of the most affected population, since there are considerable losses that if not addressed may cause food insecurity in many affected families, psychosocial support will also be provided to individuals and families that require it, based on the initial information obtained, the youth and child are the most affected population that needs to be addressed with CBCP. It is estimated that a budget of approximately 150,000.00 USD is required to develop and provide optimal care to the target population. To that extent, the ACT Forum El Salvador is foreseeing to apply for a RRF.

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Nicaragua: Hurricane Julia

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As of October, hurricane Julia hit Nicaragua with rainfalls between 200mm to 250mm that have saturated soils, and wrought havoc across the country, especially in the North and South autonomous regions, where indigenous populations are still recovering from the 2020 hurricane season. The Hurricane has affected communities and populations throughout the national territory, especially in the center, west, and south of the country. About a million people are left without power and heavy rains and floods forced the evacuations of more than 13,000 families, while some 31,170 people lack access to drinking water. The central government has begun to respond at the level of urban areas and in shelters that were set up.

CIEETS, CEPAD, and ILFE, as members of the ACT Forum Nicaragua, are foreseen to provide a humanitarian response in the sectors of Food/Nutrition, Household items, Shelter, and WASH. To that end, a RRF of 150,000 USD is sought to be activated.

ACT_Alert_Nicaragua_Huracan_Julia_2022

 

DRC: Armed Conflict

More than 100 armed groups operate in eastern DRC, an unsettled region where conflict has raged for decades but has escalated in recent months. The humanitarian situation has declined sharply following clashes that resumed in May 2022 and continue to date in the Territory of Rutshuru between the Congolese Armed Forces (FARDC) and the rebels of the M23. The conflict has seen an increased displacement of persons from the area groups of Jomba, Kisigari, and Bweza, in Rutshuru and Rwanguba resulting in the injury of civilians, and the looting of health centers and villages. 

Three national members of ACT DRC Forum, BOAD, ECC, and EELCO are responding to the immediate needs of displaced persons through access to Rapid Response Funds.

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